16 September is recognized as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.
The ozone layer, a fragile shield of gas, protects the Earth from the harmful portion of the rays of the sun, thus helping preserve life on the planet.
Ozone depletion, gradual thinning of Earth’s ozone layer in the upper atmosphere caused by the release of chemical compounds containing gaseous chlorine or bromine from industry and other human activities. Ozone depletion is a very important environmental problem because it increases the amount of ultraviolet radiation that reaches Earth’s surface, which increases the rate of skin cancer, eye cataracts, and genetic and immune system damage.
How can you protect the ozone depletion?
1) Limiting use of vehicles – Using of public transportation instead of private vehicles, car pool to work with your friends or colleagues, Walk or cycle if you are travelling short distances or work from home
2) Use eco friendly household products - Eco-friendly cleaning products are made using sustainable practices and naturally-derived, safe, nontoxic, and biodegradable ingredients that are not hard on the planet or on your family’s health. You can also switch to natural laundry detergents instead of harsh commercial ones.
3) Avoid using Chemical fertilizers and pesticides – Chemical fertilizers are produced synthetically from inorganic materials which may have harmful acids, which stunt the growth of microorganisms found in the soil. Repeated applications may result in a toxic buildup of chemicals such as arsenic, cadmium, and uranium in the soil. Organic fertilizers and Manure are manufactured using ingredients derived from natural organisms. Organic fertilizers improve the structure of the soil and increase its ability to hold water and nutrients. Over time, organic fertilizers will make your soil–and plants–healthy and strong.
The depletion of the ozone layer has multiple ill effects on your health. Exposure to UV rays causes damage to human tissue, skin and eye conditions, including skin cancer and eye lesions such as cataracts.
Your skin makes vitamin D naturally when you are in the sun but limit your exposure to UV light and avoid being outdoors in direct sunlight too long. Use sunscreen on your skin to protect it from the sun’s UV rays.